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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Authors are expected to submit articles via the online submission menu of the Journal after which an acknowledgement letter will be sent immediately on successful submission. The initial submission will be either a PDF file or Word Document.
Upon final acceptance, authors are expected to submit the corrected and accepted manuscript in the Journal Template which will be sent to the author. The article will be permanently put online immediately the editor-in-chief is satisfied that the author(s) has (have) fully complied with the specifications.
The main motivation for publishing in the Journal is its speedy review and publication after acceptance.


Journal of Engineering Research (JER) publishes contributions on concepts, state of the art, all aspects of research, standards, implementations, running experiments, and industrial case studies and significant engineering advances in chemical, petroleum and gas engineering, civil, water resource and environment engineering, electrical, electronic and communication engineering, software, computer, marine, mechanical and mechatronics engineering, mineral and metallurgical engineering, agricultural, food and forestry engineering, mining, materials engineering, biological and bio-system engineering, materials engineering, systems engineering, engineering sciences, aerospace and automotive engineering, geological and geo-informatics engineering, biomedical engineering, production and manufacturing engineering and engineering technology and management.

All manuscripts, including symposia, will be judged by qualified reviewers according to established criteria for technical merit. The review procedure begins in the editorial office as a Key Reader is assigned by the Editor-in-Chief or the Editor. The Key Reader chooses one or two reviewers for the manuscript and submits his recommendation, based on his own and the reviewer judgments, to the editorial office. The Editor or Associate Editor then makes a final decision on the paper.

Submission of a manuscript is representation that it has neither been copyrighted, published, nor submitted for publication else-where. Prior publication is a basis for rejection. Appearance in a conference proceedings or similar special presentation with limited distribution is not necessarily prior publication. In such cases, the article should be so referenced.

Technical Publication: Manuscripts should represent completed original work embodying the results of extensive field, plant, laboratory, or theoretical investigation, or new interpretations of existing problems. Materials must be considered to have significant permanent value. In addition to technical acceptability, material should be presented clearly and concisely. Of particular importance is the description of the experimental procedures involved in the experiment. It is very important that critical information about experimental conditions be included so that the work can be verified by other scientists.

Communication: This class provides more rapid publication of short items. Divisional headings are not used. The length for a Communication should be about 1200 words of text (with an abstract of not more than 100 words), accompanied by whatever figures and tables may be required to support this text. These fall in the following categories.

Theoretical or experimental work of immediate current interest;

Discussion of Technical Publications and Communications. These should contribute to the original article by providing confirmation or additional interpretation. They will be referred to original authors for reply. Discussions and authors replies will be published concurrently when possible.

Announcements and summaries of computations, and computer programs or other compilations, which are available on request from the author or a specified agency.


New Submissions Manuscript Preparation

General guide:

Submission to this journal is totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.

Kindly submit your manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This should be both as a PDF file and a Word document to be used by referees to evaluate your manuscript. It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing. Kindly provide all of the source files at the initial submission. Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be uploaded separately.

Use of word processing software

Please provide us with an editable file of the entire article. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts.

To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Detailed guide:

Manuscript must contain research results that have not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.


Author(s) is (are) required to confirm that manuscripts content has not been published elsewhere. Where significant portion of manuscript has appeared in thesis or dissertation, peer-reviewed workshop/conference proceedings, at least 40% of manuscript must contain new content over previous publication, and the latter MUST be cited.


Article structure- Follow this order when typing manuscripts. Manuscript must be submitted both as a PDF file and a Word document (including illustrations) and must not exceed 12 pages (12- font-size) 1.5-spaced Times New Roman typed A4 pages. It must include the following information (Title Page must contain items i, ii and iii):


i) Title of article (should not exceed 17 words); The title should be concise and descriptive, not a declarative sentence

ii) Author(s) Name(s) (Surname and Initials) of all authors;

iii) Address and affiliation of author(s);

iv) Abstract (not exceeding 250 words, and preferably without formulae);

The one paragraph abstract should consists of background (describe problem being addressed); methods (how the study was done); results (what are the data); conclusions (what did the authors learn from the results);

v) Some keywords (not more than five) arranged alphabetically; and

vi) Body of article (divided into numbered sections and subsections):

1.0 INTRODUCTION, 2.0 MATERIAL AND METHODS, 3.0 RESULTS, 4.0 DISCUSSION, 5.0 CONCLUSIONS, 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS, Acknowledgements and REFERENCES are to appear consecutively.

If your article includes any Videos, pictures and/or other Supplementary material, please submit them in a separate files in your initial submission for peer review purposes. Divide the article into clearly defined sections.

Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the Abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to the text'. Any subsection must be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already

published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Formulae and equations in should be given separate numbering: Eq. 1, Eq. 2, etc.

Similarly for tables and figures: Table 1; Figure 1, etc. For Sub- Formulae, equations, tables and figures should be numbered 1, 2, 3 etc etc. e.g. Eq. 1a, Eq. 10b.


Results should be clear and concise.


This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined 3.0 Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Figures and tables embedded in text

Please ensure that the figures and the tables are included in the single file and are

placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file.

Illustration, Tables and Graphs should be prepared on good quality paper. Lettering

should be clear enough to permit reduction in size for printing. Tables, equations, maps, charts and diagrams should be referred to as Table (*); Eq. (*); Figure (*); and numbered in sequence in Arabic numerals. All measurements must be in metric units. Photographs should be on gloss.

vii) References

APA format of referencing should be applied.

Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present.

References in text should be cited by names of authors and year of publication e.g. Adeyemo (2016). For articles written by more than three, et al., should be used after the name of the first author, e.g. Adeyemo et al., (2016). References should be listed alphabetically with full listing of authors. Several articles by the same authors should be listed chronologically. If more than one articles by the same author or team of authors was published in the same year, the letters a, b, and c, etc., should follow the year- e.g. Adedeji (1999a), (1999b) in both the text and the reference list. Full title of article and names of all co-authors must be given. Approved standard journal names abbreviations should be used. For example: Journal: Adeyemo, J. and Adedeji, M. A. (2005). Design of Fluidized-bed Gasifier. Int. J. Manufacturing Systems. 21:37-41

Book: Funmilade, A. (1999). Applied Thermodynamics. John Wiley, London, p125-150.

viii) Appendices

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


To offset the significant expense associated with publication. JER collects page charges (N10, 000.00 per paper for processing and N10, 000.00 for publication in both electronic and print versions). Please plan to support publication of your work by completing the page charge form that will be provided to you by JER when your manuscript has been composed and page layout is provided to you for proofreading. All questions regarding page charges should be directed to JER.

Please note that artwork will be published in colour in the online version free of charge. If you wish to publish colour artwork in the print version, the price is N2, 000 per article with colour. The bill for color publication will come directly from the author.

If an author has colour artwork and does not wish to publish in colour in the print version of the journal, he/she must notify the editorial office and must supply grayscale images of the colour figures.

Extensive revision at the authors option of text or figures in proof and also from reviewers entails extra charge of N5, 000.00.


Journal of Engineering Research is subject to the Nigeria Copyright Law. Accordingly, the signed copyright transfer form must be received in the Editors Office before the article can be processed for publication. This form, sent upon acceptance in the journal, must be signed by each author.

This copyright transfer formalizes the author-publisher relations of professional societies and becomes effective when the manuscript is accepted for publication. If the article is not published in Journal of Engineering Research, the copyright transfer will not take effect. As the copyright owners for articles in Journal of Engineering Research, University of Lagos will continue to promote the widest dissemination of the technical information printed in this journal.

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